INQNET seminars

Realization of a multi-node quantum network of remote solid-state qubits

by Prof. Ronald Hanson (QuTech and Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology)

US/Pacific
Description

Entanglement – the property that particles can share a single quantum state - is arguably the most counterintuitive yet potentially most powerful element in quantum theory. The non-local features of quantum theory are highlighted by the conflict between entanglement and local causality discovered by John Bell. Decades of Bell inequality tests, culminating in a series of loophole-free tests in 2015, have confirmed the non-locality of nature [1]. 

Future quantum networks [2] may harness these unique features of entanglement in a range of exciting applications, such as quantum computation and simulation, secure communication, enhanced metrology for astronomy and time-keeping as well as fundamental investigations. To fulfill these promises, a strong worldwide effort is ongoing to gain precise control over the full quantum dynamics of multi-particle nodes and to wire them up using quantum-photonic channels.

Here, we discuss our most recent work on the realization of a three-node entanglement-based quantum network [3]. We combine remote quantum nodes based on diamond communication qubits into a scalable phase-stabilized architecture, supplemented with a robust memory qubit and local quantum logic. In addition, we achieve real-time communication and feed-forward gate operations across the network. We demonstrate two quantum network protocols without post-selection: the distribution of genuine multipartite entangled states across the three nodes and entanglement swapping through an intermediary node. Finally, we will discuss the most recent experiments using the network as a platform for exploring, testing, and developing multi-node quantum network protocols and a quantum network control stack.

 

[1] For a popular account of these experiments, see e.g. Ronald Hanson and Krister Shalm, Scientific American 319, 58-65 (2018).
[2] Quantum internet: A vision for the road ahead, S. Wehner, D. Elkouss, R. Hanson, Science 362 (6412), eaam9288 (2018).
[3] Realization of a multi-node quantum network of remote solid-state qubits, M. Pompili, S.L.N. Hermans, S. Baier et al., Science 372, 259-264 (2021).

 

Topic: INQNET seminar 
Time: August 23, 2021 09:30 AM Pacific Time (US and Canada)

Join Zoom Meeting
https://caltech.zoom.us/j/93304584361

Meeting ID: 933 0458 4361


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Organized by

Nikolai Lauk